Mozambique

Mozambique stretches for 2500km on the South-Eastern coast of Africa, bordered by Tanzania to the North, Malawi and Zambia to the North-West, Zimbabwe to the West, and South Africa to the South-West. The coastal plain, as wide as 200km in the South, rises to mountains and plateaus in the North and West. As you go westward, the land changes abruptly from a narrow, palm-studded strip of beach along the coast to a broad belt of savannah and woodland, then forested mountains.

Offering a unique historical and cultural heritage, tropical beaches, coral reefs, spectacular landscapes, intriguingly rich architecture and small desolated islands close to the coast, Mozambique is one of the most enticing tourist destinations in Southern African.

Top 5 places to visit

Bazaruto Archipelago National Park

The Bazaruto Archipelago is a group of six islands off the coast of Southern Mozambique. They lie within Bazaruto National Park and are known for their white sand beaches. Bazaruto, with sand dunes, is the largest island. Coral reefs around Magaruque and Santa Carolina islands protect rare marine animals, like dugongs. The wetlands, forests and grasslands of Benguerra Island’s interior are home to many bird species.

Gorongosa National Park has a wide diversity of species and ecological features found nowhere else. Situated at the Southern end of the Great East African Rift Valley the park is 4000 square kilometres with the 1862m Mount Gorongosa as the dominant feature. A range of distinct ecosystems can be found, including grasslands dotted with acacia trees, savannah, dry forest on sands, water pans and termite hill thickets. Miombo and montane forests spread across the plateaus and a magnificent rain forest is found in the limestone gorges. You’re likely to see high numbers of warthog and waterbuck, buffalo, impala, lion, elephant just to name a few.

Gorongosa NP
Niassa Reserve

The Niassa Game Reserve in Northern Mozambique is the largest reserve in Mozambique and one of the last true wilderness areas left undeveloped in Africa, and although difficult to access the experience once there is indescribable. Niassa is home to prolific wildlife, including more than 10,000 elephants and more than 200 of the critically endangered African Wild Dog. Leopards, lions and hyenas are common with big numbers of herbivores present including three endemic species, Boehm’s Zebra, Johnson’s Impala and Niassa Wildebeest.

Tofo is a small beach town situated in the Inhambane Province. This peaceful little town has the perfect reefs for fishing and snorkeling and is a legendary holiday place for tourists due to its snowy white sand, perfect blue water and relaxing atmosphere. Nearby reefs attract sealife and along with manta rays and sea turtles, Tofo is one of the best destinations for divers to see whale sharks.

Maputo Special Reserve, formerly known as the Maputo Elephant Reserve, is a pristine wilderness area of 1040 square kilometres. Recently the reserve joined parks in Swaziland and South Africa and now forms part of the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area.
The scenic diversity of marine and inshore habitats offers amazing opportunities for watching wildlife, as well as sport fishing, diving, and canoeing. Elephants, hippos, crocodiles, monkeys, and a large variety of bird species are frequently spotted.

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General Information

Currency: Mozambican Metical (MZN)

In the larger cities you can withdraw cash with international debit and credit cards (Visa & Mastercard preferred) at ATMs. Your card needs to have a chip and pin. In some cases, it is possible to pay with US Dollars and in Southern Mozambique with the South African Rand. Cashless payment is not particularly widespread in Mozambique, but mainly in the capital Maputo you can pay with credit cards in larger hotels, restaurants and in some supermarkets. Debit cards are not necessarily accepted for direct payments. We recommend that you bring enough cash with you when travelling outside of the cities. While changing money at a Bureau de Change is possible, it is not recommended as it is often a complicated and lengthy process.

Please be sure to advise your bank before you travel that you will be using your card in a different country as they may block access to your card if they do not know that you are currently travelling.

For current exchange rates please use this website. 

Official Language: Portuguese

Visa Requirements: International travellers can get a visa at designated border posts upon arrival. Please check the list of designated border posts here. 

Please also consult the Mozambican Embassy or Consulate for any updates before departure, especially when travelling with children.

Independence: 25 June 1975 from Portugal

Religion: A 2015 survey found that Christians made up 69.4% of Mozambique’s population and Muslims comprised 19.3% of the population. 1.4% of the people held other beliefs and 9.9% had no religious beliefs.

Souvenirs: Wood carvings, jewellery, pieces of hand turned pottery and paintings done by local artists.

Agricultural products: Coconut, cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava, corn, rice, tropical fruit, beef, and poultry

Main Industries: Agriculture, mining, food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos and tobacco.

Best time to visit: Although showers are possible throughout the year, the rainy (and hottest) season is from around December to around May and this is also when the risk of malaria may be at its highest. Beaches are cooled by sea-breezes year-round and beware that the winter months on high ground such as Manica and Niassa provinces can see temperatures drop to the low tens (deg. C). Sometimes routes north of Beira and Pemba become impassable during the rains, but most resorts throughout Mozambique are accessible year-round. The whale (and windy) season is usually around June to September. May-June-July-August winds can be extraordinarily strong, reducing sea activities.

In northern Mozambique (Nampula and Cabo Delgado Provinces), while dirt roads are more difficult and it can be uncomfortably hot and humid for some (only December and January are really hot), the vegetation is lush, the wind is ideal for sailing & diving in the Quirimbas and the storms are magnificent.

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